First Aid Care To A Victim
This article contains a summary of every first aid care that could be given to a victim or patient at initial contact.
What is First Aid?
This is the very first assistance or care given to an injured person or a victim from an accident scene. The basic technique of first aid should be known because most major accidents happen in the home involving children and elders.
First aid can cover an extremely varied range of scenarios from simple reassurance after an accident to dealing with a life-threatening emergency. The first hour after an accident is the golden hour. The more help is given within this hour, the better the outcome for the casualty.
When an emergency occurs what do you do?
- First of all, stay calm.
- Second, access the situation
- Third, carry out the “DRSABC”
- D for Danger: Keep yourself out of danger first and move the casualty away from danger in extreme cases.
- R for Response: If the casualty appears conscious or semi-conscious, establish a responsiveness level with them by speaking out loudly as in “Can you hear me?”. If no response, tap them on the shoulder.
- S for Shout: If there is no response, shout out to passerby for help or call an emergency helpline.
- A for Airway: Now access if the airway is free to allow breathing. Check the mouth and remove any visible obvious obstructions. Hit the casualty’s head back gently to prevent the tongue from falling back and blocking the airway. Place a hand on the forehead and two fingers under the jaw until a natural stop is reached.
- B for Breathing: Is the casualty breathing? Look at the chest for movement, listen for breasoundsund, and put your ear against the mouth. If none of these is seen, that is breathing and chest movement immediately administers an artificial respiration procedure through the procedure. That is mouth to mouth.
- C for Circulation: Look for signs of circulation, and check for breathing, coughing, or any movement. Check for a pulse using your two fingers and placing it on the casualty’s inner wrist, hollow close to the bone. If there is no sign of circulation, start cardiac massage which is known as Chest compression.
Why is it important?
- It helps to keep the casualty alive.
- To stop the casualty from getting worse.
- To promote recovery.
- To promote reassurance and comfort to the casualty.
Things to Do and Thing not to Do
Things to do:
- Always protect yourself at the scene, and ensure you will not be a casualty too.
- Ensure to put on your protective equipment such as gloves, face mask, protective footwear, etc.
- Remember to call an emergency line.
Things not to do:
- Do not be too quick to appear at a scene.
- Look around if it is safe to be there or call for help immediately.
- Do not move a casualty about.
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